Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 159-164
Changes in Physical Properties of Red Soils "Terre de Barre” in South of Togo Under Different Compost Application Doses
Alate Koffi-Kouma Akouete, Department of Soil Sciences, Laboratory of Research on Agroresources and Environmental Health, Higher Agronomy School, University of Lome, Lome, Togo
Mawussi Gbenonchi, Department of Soil Sciences, Laboratory of Research on Agroresources and Environmental Health, Higher Agronomy School, University of Lome, Lome, Togo
Ayisah Kwasi Dzola, Department of Phytotechny and Plant Breeding, Higher Agronomy School, University of Lome, Lome, Togo
Sanda Komla, Department of Soil Sciences, Laboratory of Research on Agroresources and Environmental Health, Higher Agronomy School, University of Lome, Lome, Togo
Received: Nov. 6, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 7, 2019;       Published: Dec. 23, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajere.20190404.17      View  93      Downloads  40
Abstract
This work deals with assessing the impact of compost of household waste and poultry manure on physical properties of red soils commonly called “Terre de barre” in southern Togo. Field experiments were conducted in coastal zone of Togo during four seasons of crops alternating tomato-maize-tomato- maize. Two types of composts were applied at doses of 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 t ha-1 respectively. One of the composts was elaborated with 100% of household solid wastes and the other with 70% of household wastes mixed with 30% of poultry manure. On each plot, composts were incorporated into the soil depth layers of 0 – 15 cm. Soil samples were randomly collected in surface layer (0 - 15 cm) from plots for measurement of organic matter content, bulk density, total porosity and moisture content. Soil water infiltration rates were measured in situ in the field using infiltration rate double ring cylinder. The results showed that composts affected the soil parameters studied. Soil bulk densities were reduced. However, organic matter content, total porosity, moisture retention and water infiltration rate increased with compost application doses increasing. Finally, it can be concluded that household waste compost has pronounced effects on the physical properties of red soils in southern Togo. Composting of household urban solid wastes will solve environmental problem and will contribute to improve soil quality and agricultural productivity.
Keywords
Household Waste Compost, Soil Physical Properties Improvement, Bulk Density, Porosity, Moisture Content, Water Infiltration
To cite this article
Alate Koffi-Kouma Akouete, Mawussi Gbenonchi, Ayisah Kwasi Dzola, Sanda Komla, Changes in Physical Properties of Red Soils "Terre de Barre” in South of Togo Under Different Compost Application Doses, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 159-164. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20190404.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Omotayo O. E., Chukwuka K. S., 2009. Soil fertility restoration techniques in sub-Saharan Africa using organic resources. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 4: 144-150.
[2]
Lal R., 1986. Conversion of tropical rainforest: Agronomic potential and ecological consequencies. Advances in Agronomy, 39: 173-263.
[3]
Lowery B., Swan J., Schumacher T., Jones A., 1995. Physical properties of selected soils by erosion class. Journal of Soils and Water Conservation, 50: 306–311.
[4]
Bauer A., Black, A. L., 1992. Organic carbon effects on available water capacity of three soil textural groups. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 56: 248-254.
[5]
Haynes R. J., Naidu R., 1998. Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure applications on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: a review. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 51 (2): 123-137.
[6]
Brown S., Cotton M., 2011. Changes in Soil Properties and Carbon Content Following Compost Application: Results of On-farm Sampling. Compost Science and Utilization, 19 (1): 88-97.
[7]
Saragoni H., Olivier R., Poss R., 1991. Dynamics and leaching of mineral elements. Agronomie Tropicale, 45 (4): 259-273.
[8]
Walkley A., Black I. A., 1934. An examination of method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science, 37: 29-37.
[9]
Ibrahim M. M., Mahmoud E. K., Ibrahim D. A., 2015. Effects of vermicompost and water treatment residuals on soil physical properties and wheat yield. International Agrophysics, 29: 157-164.
[10]
Anderson J. M., Ingram J. S. I., 1993. Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility. A Handbook of Methods, 2nd Edn., CAB International, Wallingford U.K., pp: 221.
[11]
Danielson R. E., Sutherland P. L., 1986. Porosity, in Klue, A. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Methods. Agronomy Monograph no. 9, 2nd edn. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, pp. 443–461.
[12]
Agbede T. M., Ojeniyi S. O., Adeyemo A. J., 2008. Effect of Poultry Manure on Soil Physical and Chemical Properties, Growth and Grain Yield of Sorghum in Southwest, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 2 (1): 72-77.
[13]
Reynold W., Elrick D., Youngs E., Amoozegar A., Booltink H. W., Bouma J., 2002. Saturated and field saturated water flow parameters. In: J. H. Dane, G. C. Topp (eds). Methods of soil analysis. Parth 4. Physical methods. SSSA. Madison, Wisconsin, USA, pp 797-878.
[14]
Reynolds S. G., 1970. The gravimetric method of soil moisture determination, I: A study of equipment, and methodological problems, Journal of Hydrology, 11: 258–273.
[15]
IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), 2008. Field Estimation of Soil Water Content: A Practical Guide to Methods, Instrumentation and Sensor Technology. Soil and Water Management & Crop Nutrition Section, Vienna, Austria 141 p.
[16]
Shukla A., Panchal H., Mishra M. et al., 2014. Soil moisture Estimation using Gravimetric Technique and FDR Probe Technique: A Comparative Analysis. American International Journal of Research in Formal, Applied & Natural Sciences (AIJRFANS), 8 (1): 89–92.
[17]
Bouajila K., Sanaa M., 2011. Effects of organic amendments on soil physico-chemical and biological properties. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 2: 485-490.
[18]
Xiuli X., Zhang J., Zhu A., Zhang C., 2016. Effects of long-term (23 years) mineral fertilizer and compost application on physical properties of fluvo-aqauic soil in the North China Plain. Soil &Tillage Research, 156 (1): 166-172.
[19]
Dadashi S., Ghajar Sepanlou M., Mirnia S. K. H., 2019. Influence organic compost compounds on soil chemical and physical properties. International Journal of Human Capital in Urban Management, 4 (1): 15-22.
[20]
Mueller L., Schindler U., Mirschel W., Shepherd T. G., Ball B. C., Helming K., Rogasik J., Eulenstein F., Wiggering H., 2010. Assessing the productivity function of soils. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 30: 601-614.
[21]
Liu B., Gumpertz M. L, Hu S., Ristaino J. B., 2007. Long term effects of organic and synthetic soil fertility amendments on soil microbial communities and the development of southern blight. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39: 2302-2316.
[22]
Barbera A. C., Maucieri C., Cavallaro V., Ioppolo A., Spagna G., 2013. Effects of spreading olive mill wastewater on soil properties and crops, a review. Agricultural Water Management, 119: 43-53.
[23]
Kumar S., Malik R., Dahiya I., 1985. Influence of different organic wastes upon water retention, transmission and contact characteristics of a sandy soil. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 23 (2): 131-136.
[24]
Zemanek P., 2011. Evaluation of compost influence on soil water retention. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 59 (3): 227-232.
[25]
Angin I., Yaganoglu A. V., 2011. Effects of Sewage Sludge Application on Some Physical and Chemical Properties of a Soil Affected by Wind Erosion. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 13: 757-768.
[26]
Weber J. A., Karczewska J., Drozd M., et al.., 2007. Agricultural and ecological aspects of a sandy soil as affected by the application of municipal solid waste composts. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39: 1294-1302.
Browse journals by subject