Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 144-151
Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Maize Production in Ethiopia: An Empirical Review
Firomsa Mersha Tekalign, School of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Received: Sep. 25, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 6, 2019;       Published: Nov. 19, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajere.20190404.15      View  644      Downloads  258
Abstract
Ethiopia is an agrarian country where a large majority of the peoples and the poor living in rural areas are deriving their livelihood from agriculture. However, low levels of agricultural productivity and increasing population pressure have been critical problems of Ethiopia. These have aggravated the food insecurity situation by widening the gap between demand for and supply of food. In Ethiopia, information on the levels of productivity of maize and farm household technical efficiency in its production is lacking. This paper is aiming at reviewing the major determinants of technical efficiency of maize in Ethiopia using meta-analysis method. Increasing efficiency in maize production could be taken an important step towards attaining food security. The meta-analysis results revealed that important factors that affects the technical efficiency of maize production in Ethiopia were age, family size, education, land holding, livestock ownership, off-farm income, access to credit, contact with extension workers and distance from the nearest market. Many Literatures also suggests the factors that affect the efficiency variation of smallholder farmers classifying them into different categories. These (in) efficiency factors are classified into demographic such as age and family size; socio-economic like education, land holding, livestock ownership, and off-farm income; institutional factors such as access to credit, and contact with extension workers; and physical factor like distance from the nearest market. Therefore, designing and implementing an appropriate policy intervention by focusing on the above-mentioned factors is important in Ethiopia.
Keywords
Determinants, Technical Efficiency, Maize, Production, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Firomsa Mersha Tekalign, Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Maize Production in Ethiopia: An Empirical Review, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics. Special Issue: Agricultural Economics and Rural Development. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 144-151. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20190404.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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