Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 44-53
Trend Analysis on Air Quality and Lung Function - A Case of Consar Stone Quarry Limited, Barekese
Ernest Oti Amankwah, Department of Materials Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Godfred Owusu-Boateng, Department of Wildlife and Watershed Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Asare Barima Maxwell, Department of Applied Statistics, University for Development Studies, Temale, Ghana
Received: Mar. 7, 2019;       Accepted: Apr. 28, 2019;       Published: May 31, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajere.20190402.11      View  730      Downloads  171
Abstract
Air pollution emanating from particulate matter exposure has been identified as a major environmental problem worldwide. The stone quarry industry generates enormous amount of particulate matter into the atmosphere because of activities like blasting, crushing and haulage. The study determined the levels of PM10 and TSP concentrations (using IOM dust samplers) as well as lung function indicators of inhabitants of the Consar Stone Quarry concessional area from November 2015 to March 2016. PM10 concentration exceeded the WHO guideline value (50µgm-3) and the permissible EPA-Ghana standard of 70µgm-3 except in the month of November and March. The measured TSP concentrations were generally below the EPA Ghana standard of 230µgm-3 except for January and December that recorded concentrations above the EPA-Ghana standard probably due to the low relative humidity resulting from scarcity in rainfall and high atmospheric temperature. Measured lung function indicators were significantly higher than the predicted values suggesting adverse effect of the quarry on inhabitants of the concessional area.
Keywords
Particulate Matter, Concentration, Concessional Area, Significant, Adverse Effect
To cite this article
Ernest Oti Amankwah, Godfred Owusu-Boateng, Asare Barima Maxwell, Trend Analysis on Air Quality and Lung Function - A Case of Consar Stone Quarry Limited, Barekese, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2019, pp. 44-53. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20190402.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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