Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 12-24
Farming System Characterization of Arsizone: Case of Small-Scale Farming
Tamrat Gebiso Challa, Agricultural Economics and Extension Directorate, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Asella, Ethiopia
Aman Nebo Tibesso, Agricultural Economics and Extension Directorate, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Asella, Ethiopia
Ashebir Tsegayie Mamo, Agricultural Engineering Directorate, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Asella, Ethiopia
Received: Nov. 2, 2018;       Accepted: Feb. 1, 2019;       Published: Feb. 28, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajere.20190401.12      View  831      Downloads  158
Precise technological intervention and policy support needs identification and characterization of farm types. Therefore, farming system characterization is a vital activity for agricultural technologies generators or researchers, development practitioners and policy makers. Therefore, this farming system characterization research activity was initiated with objectives of identifying and characterizing the crop production system, identifying and prioritizing the major production system of agriculture in Arsi zone and to forward the possible intervention mechanisms for each farming typology. In general the farming system in Arsi zone is a crop-livestock mixed farming with small amount of lowland pastoralists. In this research further classification of farming typologies were identified. Accordingly, around seven broadly categorized farming typologies were identified which are lowland agro-pastoral, coffee-khat tree based, irrigation based, highland barley-root crop based maize-sorghum based, mechanized wheat belt farm type and non-mechanized wheat belt. The production potentials and constraints for each farming system typology were also discussed in this research output report. Constraints that could be tackled by research centers and development practitioners like office of agriculture and natural resource development, livestock resource development, irrigation development offices and support institutions like cooperatives and credit institutions were identified and prioritized. Though there is tendency of hasty generalization of Arsi zone as wheat enterprise specialized farming typology from policy makers, in this research finding it was recognized that Arsi zone has a diversified farming system that need multiple solutions from different experts and disciplines.
Farming System Characterization, Small Scale Farming, Farming Typologies, Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State
To cite this article
Tamrat Gebiso Challa, Aman Nebo Tibesso, Ashebir Tsegayie Mamo, Farming System Characterization of Arsizone: Case of Small-Scale Farming, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 12-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20190401.12
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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