Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 12-24
Farming System Characterization of Arsizone: Case of Small-Scale Farming
Tamrat Gebiso Challa, Agricultural Economics and Extension Directorate, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Asella, Ethiopia
Aman Nebo Tibesso, Agricultural Economics and Extension Directorate, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Asella, Ethiopia
Ashebir Tsegayie Mamo, Agricultural Engineering Directorate, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Asella, Ethiopia
Received: Nov. 2, 2018;       Accepted: Feb. 1, 2019;       Published: Feb. 28, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajere.20190401.12      View  831      Downloads  158
Abstract
Precise technological intervention and policy support needs identification and characterization of farm types. Therefore, farming system characterization is a vital activity for agricultural technologies generators or researchers, development practitioners and policy makers. Therefore, this farming system characterization research activity was initiated with objectives of identifying and characterizing the crop production system, identifying and prioritizing the major production system of agriculture in Arsi zone and to forward the possible intervention mechanisms for each farming typology. In general the farming system in Arsi zone is a crop-livestock mixed farming with small amount of lowland pastoralists. In this research further classification of farming typologies were identified. Accordingly, around seven broadly categorized farming typologies were identified which are lowland agro-pastoral, coffee-khat tree based, irrigation based, highland barley-root crop based maize-sorghum based, mechanized wheat belt farm type and non-mechanized wheat belt. The production potentials and constraints for each farming system typology were also discussed in this research output report. Constraints that could be tackled by research centers and development practitioners like office of agriculture and natural resource development, livestock resource development, irrigation development offices and support institutions like cooperatives and credit institutions were identified and prioritized. Though there is tendency of hasty generalization of Arsi zone as wheat enterprise specialized farming typology from policy makers, in this research finding it was recognized that Arsi zone has a diversified farming system that need multiple solutions from different experts and disciplines.
Keywords
Farming System Characterization, Small Scale Farming, Farming Typologies, Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State
To cite this article
Tamrat Gebiso Challa, Aman Nebo Tibesso, Ashebir Tsegayie Mamo, Farming System Characterization of Arsizone: Case of Small-Scale Farming, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 12-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20190401.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
FAO. 1994. FARMING SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT: A participatory approach to helping small-scale farmers.
[2]
FAO. 1990. Farming Systems Development: Guidelines for the conduct of a training course in Farming Systems Development. Rome, Italy.
[3]
Dixon, J., Gulliver, A., Gibbon, D. 2001. Farming systems and poverty: improving farmers' livelihoods in a changing world. Rome: FAO.
[4]
Tittonell, P., Muriukid, A., Shepherde, K. D., Mugendif, D., Kaizzig, K. C., Okeyoa, J., Verchote, L., Coee, R., Vanlauwea, B. 2010. The diversity of rural livelihoods and their influence on soil fertility in agricultural systems of East Africa – A typology of smallholder farms. Agricultural Systems. 103 (2), 83-97.
[5]
Chambers, R., Pacey, A., Thrupp, L. A. 1989. Farmer first: farmer innovation and agricultural research, London: Intermediate Technology Publications.
[6]
Ojiem, J., Ridder, N., Vanlauwe, B., Giller, K. E. 2006. Socio-ecological niche: a conceptual framework for integration of legumes in smallholder farming systems. International Journal of Agric. Sustainability. 4(1), 79–93.
[7]
Ganpat, W., Bekele, I. 2001. Looking for the trees in the forest: farm typology as a useful tool in defining targets for extension. In: Emerging Trends in Agricultural and Extension Education (J. R. Lindner, ed.), Proceedings of the 17th Annual Conference of the Association for International Agricultural and Extension Education. 4-7 Arpil 2001, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
[8]
Timothy, W. O. 1994. Identifying target groups for livestock improvement research: The classification of sedentary livestock producers in western Niger. Agricultural Systems. 46, 227–237.
[9]
Vanclay, J. K. 2005. Using a typology of tree-growers to guide forestry extension. Annals of Tropical Research. 27(1), 97–103.
[10]
Oromia Bureau of Finance and Economic Development (OBOFED) (2011). Physical and Socio Economic Profile ofArsi Zone and Districts‟. The National Regional Government of Oromia, Bureau of Finance and d Economic Development –Regional Data and Information Core Process.
Browse journals by subject