Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2018, Page: 6-11
Energy-Use Efficiency of Rice Production Under Irrigation in Jere Bowl Borno State, Nigeria
Muhammad Wakil, Department of Agricultural Technology, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
Abba Sidi Shehu Umar, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
Ibrahim Abubakar, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
Mohammed Zubairu, Department of Agricultural Technology, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
Received: Feb. 28, 2018;       Accepted: Mar. 16, 2018;       Published: Apr. 29, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajere.20180301.12      View  1574      Downloads  204
Abstract
The study analyzed energy-use efficiency of irrigated rice production at the jere bowl of Borno state, Nigeria. One hundred and thirty (130) farmers were sampled through two-stage sampling procedure. Descriptive statistics, data envelopment analysis and tobit regression were used to analyzed the data. The results on energy–use efficiency revealed scores of 0.444, 0.948 and 0.462 for technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency respectively. Moreover, the saving energy estimated showed 8.02% of the percentage of total saving energy over total actual use in optimum requirement. This indicates that about 2711.21MJ/ha of total input energy could be saved while holding the constant output level of rice. The coefficients 0f age, years of formal education, years of farming experience, number of household, farms size and access to credit were significant and positively related to energy-use efficiency in rice production. The study recommended that farmers should use the optimum quantity of energy inputs resulted from this study because about 2711.21MJ/ha of energy could be saved while maintaining the same output thereby improving their efficiency.
Keywords
Optimum Quantity, Saving Energy, Tobit Regression, Energy-Use and Jere Bowl
To cite this article
Muhammad Wakil, Abba Sidi Shehu Umar, Ibrahim Abubakar, Mohammed Zubairu, Energy-Use Efficiency of Rice Production Under Irrigation in Jere Bowl Borno State, Nigeria, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2018, pp. 6-11. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20180301.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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