Volume 2, Issue 3, August 2017, Page: 96-101
Comparison of Environmental Performance of Municipal Solid Waste Compost and Chemical Fertilizer
Zerihun Abate, School of Chemical and Bio Engineering, Addis Ababa Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Berhanu Assefa, School of Chemical and Bio Engineering, Addis Ababa Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Wakene Negassa, School of Chemical and Bio Engineering, Addis Ababa Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Aug. 8, 2016;       Accepted: Aug. 24, 2016;       Published: Apr. 10, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajere.20170203.11      View  2373      Downloads  241
Addis Ababa city is undergoing rapid urbanization and industrialization where solid waste generation is also increasing at the same pace. It would be difficult to continue with the current landfilling waste disposal in the city. The objectives of this study were to (i) evaluate the positive environmental effect of municipal solid waste (MSW) composting and its environmental effect over the synthetic nitrogen (N) fertilizer; (ii) compare the environmental performance of MSW compost and synthetic nitrogen fertilizer. We investigated the application of MSW effects on selected soil properties, wheat yield and yield components and leachate chemistry. Application of MSW composts to the soil also increased soil total nitrogen (Nt), organic C, available P, pH, and other micronutrients. Similarly, the application of both MSW compost and N-fertilizer produced higher concentrations of NO3-N fluxes in the collected leachate that clearly showed fertilization during application poses serious threat to water quality in the absence of growing plants. In general, both MSW compost and N-fertilizer applications had positively responded in improving wheat yield and yield components. The results of the present study revealed that using MSW as a soil amendment after appropriate composting techniques and soil management not only improve soil fertility and reduce the investment on chemical fertilizers but also can alleviate the contribution of MSW to environmental pollution.
Greenhouse Gas, Leachate Chemistry, Nitrogen Fertilizer, Soil Properties, Wheat Yield
To cite this article
Zerihun Abate, Berhanu Assefa, Wakene Negassa, Comparison of Environmental Performance of Municipal Solid Waste Compost and Chemical Fertilizer, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 96-101. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20170203.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Getachew Tikubet, Assefa Abreha and Johanna Baumgartner (2010). Report on Resource Management for poverty reduction approaches and technologies, selected contribution to Ethiopian Environment Forum, Addis Ababa Ethiopia.
Ministry of Water Resources and National Metrological Agency (MWRNMA, 2007), report on climate change Technology Needs assessment Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
United Nations Environment Programme (2005). Solid waste management volume one, ISBN: 92-807-2676-5.
Christopher O Akinbile and Mohd Suffian Yusoff (2012). Solid waste generation and decomposition using compost bin technique in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. Journal of Effects of MSW compost and urea on plant nutrient status Waste Management & Research, 30: 498-505.
Folefack, A. J. J. (2009). The substitution of mineral fertilizer by compost from household waste in Cameroon: economic analysis with a partial equilibrium model. Journal of Waste Management & Research, 27: 207-223.
EnzoFavoino and Dominic Hogg (2008). The potential role of compost in reducing greenhouse gasses. Journal of Waste Management &Research, 26: 61-69.
Kassie, M., Zikhali, P., Manjur, K., Edwards, S. (2009). Adoption of sustainable agricultural practices: evidence from a semi-arid region of Ethiopia. Natural resources forum, 33: 189-198.
Muhammad Ibrahim, Anwar-UL-Hassan, Muhammad Iqabal (2008). The response of Wheat Growth and Yield to Various levels of Compost and Organic Manure. Pak. J. Bot., 40: 2135-2141.
Wood, S, Cowie, A. (2004). A Review of Greenhouse Gas Emission Factors for Fertilizer Production IEA Bioenergy Task 38.
Teklu Erkossa and Hailemariam Teklewold (2010). Agronomic and Economic Efficiency of Manure and Urea Fertilizers Use on Vertisols i n Ethiopian Highlands. Agricultural science in china, 8: 352-360.
James, D. W. and K. L, Wells, (1990). Soil sample collection and handling: Technique based on source and Degree of field Variability.
Walkley, A. and I. A. Black. 1934. An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. 37: 29-37.
Bremner, J. M and C. S. Mulvaney (1982) Nitrogen- total, methods of soil analysis, Chemical, and Microbiological properties.
Grigatti, M., C. Ciavatta, and C. Gessa (2004). Evolution of Organic matter from Sewage sludge and Garden trimming during Composting. Bioresource Technology, 91; 163-169.
Weber, J., A. Karczewska, J. Drozd, M. Licznar, S. Licznar, E. Jamroz, and A. Kocowicz (2007). Agricultural and Ecological aspects of a Sandy Soil as affected by the Application of Municipal Solid Waste composts, Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39: 1294-1302.
Frank Mangan, Allen Barker, Steven Bodine and Peter Borten (1996). Compost Use and Soil Fertility, University of Massachusetts Extension.
Barry, A., C. Cogger and D. Sullivan (200). What does compost analysis tell you about your compost? (Online pdf) Poster at Biologically Intensive and Organic Farming Research Conference. Yakima, WA.
Antonio García-Gómez, María Pilar Bernal and Asunción Roig (2003). Carbon mineralization and plant growth in soil amended with compost samples at different degrees of maturity. Journal of Waste Management & Research, 21: 161-171.
Manasah Sibusiso Mkhabela (2005). The influence of municipal solid waste compost on yield, soil phosphorus availability, and uptake by two vegetable crops grown in a Pugwash sandy loam soil in Nova Scotia, 106: 57-67.
G. sarwar, H. Schmeisky, N. Hussain, S. Muhammad, M. Ibrahim and EhsanSafdar (2008). Improvement of Soil Physical and Chemical Properties with Compost Application in Rice-Wheat Cropping system. Pak. J. Bot., 40: 275-282.
Keshav Raj Adhikari and Zueng-Sang Chen (2011). Combining compost with urea: Nitrogen and Phosphorus recovery by Cabbage and Leaching under Imposed high rainfall Condition in the Greenhouse. Scientific research and Essays, 6: 819-829.
Howarth, R. W., E. W. Boyer, W. J. Pabich, and J. N. Galloway (2002). Nitrogen use in the United States from 1961-2000 and potential future Ambio 31: 88-96.
Zachary M. Easton and A. Martin Petrovic (2002). Fertilizer Source Effect on Ground and Surface Water Quality in Drainage from Turfgrass. Journal of Environmental quality, 33: 645-655.
Lomoljo N. M. and Ismail A. (2009), Nitrate, ammonia and phosphate concentration in the surface water of Kuala gula Bird Sanctuary, west coast of peninsular, Malaysia, Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 32 (1), pp 1-5.
Browse journals by subject