Volume 2, Issue 2, May 2017, Page: 73-79
The Impact of Oil Exploitation on the Socio-Economic Life of Orogun Community, an Oil Producing Community in Delta State, Nigeria
Afonughe Irikefe Omamuyovwi, Department of Political Science, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria
Mukoro Akpomuvire, Department of Political Science, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 3, 2016;       Accepted: Oct. 19, 2016;       Published: Mar. 9, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajere.20170202.13      View  2087      Downloads  147
Abstract
Following the rebasing of Nigeria’s economy, it now occupies the topmost position in Africa. However, this feat can be attributed to a large to revenues accruing to it from crude oil exploitation, since Nigeria is a mono-product economy. The states in the Niger Delta have the largest concentrations of these oil deposits. Expectedly, this is supposed to translate into economic prosperity for these “fortunate” states and communities. Sadly, the reverse is the case. There have been cries of marginalization, environmental pollution, climate change, unemployment, prevalence of sicknesses and diseases due to the activities of crude oil exploitation in these oil producing communities. It is against this backdrop that this study was conducted. Orogun community was selected as a case study because of its prominence in the comity of oil producing communities in Delta State, and also for the fact that despite its enormous contributions to Nigeria’s GDP, very little or no research has been conducted to ascertain the negative impact of oil exploration on its socio-economic life. The study identified that the activities of crude oil exploration companies are impacting negatively on the development of the community. Farmlands have been rendered infertile, thereby hampering agricultural output and productivity. Rivers and streams have been polluted as a result of oil spillage, leading to the reduction in the availability of fishes and other aquatic products, resulting in untold hardships being experienced by the indigent populace. In order to ameliorate the situation, this paper recommends that a proper legislation and a regulatory framework guiding the operations of the oil exploration companies should be put in place. In addition to that state interventionist agency, DESOPADEC, should be rejigged and made to be more alive to its responsibilities.
Keywords
Oil Spill, Orogun Community, Oil Producing Communities, Marginalization, Resource Control, DESOPADEC
To cite this article
Afonughe Irikefe Omamuyovwi, Mukoro Akpomuvire, The Impact of Oil Exploitation on the Socio-Economic Life of Orogun Community, an Oil Producing Community in Delta State, Nigeria, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 73-79. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20170202.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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