Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2017, Page: 46-55
The Economic Efficiency and Effectiveness of Domestic Water Allocation in Moshi Rural District, Tanzania
Peter Meta, Department of Forest Economics, Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Felister Mombo, Department of Forest Economics, Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Leopold Lusambo, Department of Forest Economics, Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Received: Jan. 4, 2017;       Accepted: Jan. 13, 2017;       Published: Feb. 6, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajere.20170201.16      View  2755      Downloads  148
Abstract
Water is one of the scarce resources which is very important for the development for humankind hence efficient allocation is needed. The demand for domestic water as elsewhere is increasing as time goes according to records. This study was about the economic efficiency of domestic water allocation in Moshi Rural District, the case of Kirua-Kahe area. There were three specific objectives in this study which are to evaluate the domestic water allocation of Kirua-Kahe Water Project in Moshi Rural District, to determine the domestic water allocation efficiency in Kirua-Kahe Water Project and to examine the effectiveness of Kirua-Kahe domestic water allocation in Moshi Rural District. The findings show that Kirua-Kahe uses Gravity water supply and Pumping system. Gravity water supply system has 8 working intakes, 2 boreholes. The Pumping water Supply system consists of 15 small pumping schemes being pumped from boreholes and 1 spring. From the sampled villages, the findings also show within the family female members were mostly concerned with water usage. Until January 2015, Kirua-Kahe Gravity had a total of 5 403 customer connections and 401 customer connections for Kirua-Kahe Pumping. Customers are Public, Homes, Social Institutions and Commercial connections. Pricing is used for consumers as contribution for the sustainability of the project. The economic efficiency was carried out based on analysis of usage and collection efficiency and all constraints and optimality conditions were satisfied. Further research is needed to design service delivery models, technological innovations and education.
Keywords
Economic Efficiency, Effectiveness, Allocation, Collection, Supply, Demand
To cite this article
Peter Meta, Felister Mombo, Leopold Lusambo, The Economic Efficiency and Effectiveness of Domestic Water Allocation in Moshi Rural District, Tanzania, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 46-55. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20170201.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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