Volume 1, Issue 1, November 2016, Page: 1-8
Saltwater Intrusion - An Evident Impact of Climate Change in the MD and Propose Adaptable Solutions
Nguyen Cong Thanh, Department of Industrial Crops, Institute of Agricultural Sciences for Southern Vietnam (IAS), Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Received: Oct. 15, 2016;       Accepted: Nov. 9, 2016;       Published: Dec. 5, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajere.20160101.11      View  4355      Downloads  277
Abstract
Mekong Delta (MD) is the main rice growing area in Vietnam. However, it is facing with climate change including increasing temperature, drought, salinization during dry season and flood in rainy season. Salinization and drought have been seen very clearly in this region since late 2015 and early 2016. Many areas of rice and vegetables, fruit trees and seafood are lost, livelihood of many farmers are affected. Objectives of this study are to assess the impact of salinization in MD and to propose essential strategies in response to climate change by macro organizations and suggest alternative agricultural production systems adapted to climate change in order to help farmers and related agricultural agencies to apply for livelihood security of the rural population. This study paper applies the method of literature review, drawing remarks from a large set of data, documents and reports from research institutions and from research and development projects by non-governmental and governmental organizations. Moreover, the solutions are also based on directly interviewing farmers, relevant government officers, extension staffs, and companies and by directly observed the impact of climate change in the MD. The result displayed the impact of climate change in the MD clearly reflected by saltwater intrusion; the constraints and challenges caused by climate change in the agricultural production systems in the coastal provinces of MD, in details in the 3 ecological zones of fresh water, brackish water and saltwater; summary of strategic solutions and actions to adapt to climate change including an emphasis on opportunities and challenges for Vietnam’s rice sector and finally proposed alternative agricultural systems to cope with adverse impacts of climate change in the MD. The author has proposed ten (10) alternative agricultural systems to help ensure the livelihood of the rural population in salinization affected areas.
Keywords
MD, Climate Change, Saltwater Intrusion, Agricultural Production Systems, Freshwater Zone, Brackish Water Zone, Saltwater Zone
To cite this article
Nguyen Cong Thanh, Saltwater Intrusion - An Evident Impact of Climate Change in the MD and Propose Adaptable Solutions, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20160101.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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